The 2022 World Population Data Sheet provides the latest population, health, and environment indicators for more than 200 countries and territories, each carefully researched by PRB’s expert team of demographers and analysts. Read more about the 2022 Data Sheet: Press Release
The world experienced nearly 7.5 million annual excess deaths associated with the COVID-19 pandemic on average in 2020 and 2021, meaning they weren’t expected to happen if not for the pandemic. The excess deaths represent deaths occurring directly or indirectly because of the pandemic, with causes ranging from COVID-19 itself to delayed or unavailable treatments and care. The pandemic also resulted in decreases in deaths from other causes, such as traffic accidents and influenza, through its effects on people’s behaviors.
The pandemic’s impacts on mortality have varied by country, as have its impacts on births. Yet, its effects on fertility have generally been limited. Many high-income countries like the United States experienced only a temporary decline in fertility. However, evidence suggests that in some countries like Uganda, school closures have contributed to increases in teenage pregnancies. Globally, the total fertility rate—or average lifetime births per woman—is 2.3, but large variations exist, ranging from 5.6 in Middle Africa to 1.2 in East Asia.